User experience, SEO, and conversion rates are all significantly impacted by website speed. For a website to attract visitors and keep them interested, performance optimization is crucial. Here, we go over techniques developers might use to speed up a website:
Check Your Website Performance
Website performance is evaluated using speed tests. Regular testing can assist developers in identifying performance declines or gains. A speed test should also assist developers in identifying any places that are hindering website performance as well as potential areas for enhancement.
For testing performance, there are several reliable and frequently free site speed tests available. The website WebPageTest.org, which collaborates with Cloudflare, offers several free tests and generates thorough analyses of how rapidly various page parts load. Websites can be tested for different devices and network connection speeds using WebPageTest.org.
Google additionally provides PageSpeed Insights for thorough performance analysis. The Network tab in Google Chrome DevTools displays all HTTP requests, the size of any requested assets, and the response time in milliseconds. This information can be used by developers to evaluate the performance of their site.
Use a CDN (Content Delivery Network)
By caching content in numerous places worldwide, CDNs increase the speed of websites. In contrast to the host, or origin server, CDN caching servers are often situated closer to end-users. Requests for material are sent through a CDN server rather than directly to the hosting server, which may be hundreds of miles away and connected to numerous autonomous networks. Page load times can be dramatically sped up by using a CDN.
The majority of Internet traffic is made up of images, and as picture files are frequently bigger than HTML and CSS files, they frequently take the slowest to load on a website. Fortunately, image optimization helps speed up image loading. Many picture optimizers and image compressors are available online for free. Optimizing photographs often entails lowering the resolution, compressing the files, and reducing their dimensions.
Reduce the Number of HTTP Requests if Possible
Most webpages will require browsers to make repeated HTTP requests for various elements on the page, including images, scripts, and CSS files. Dozens of these requests are necessary for many web pages. A web page’s overall load time can increase as a result of the round trip that each request causes to and from the server hosting the resource. A problem with one of the hosts could also affect how quickly or not the homepage loads because it loads resources from multiple distinct providers.
The overall number of assets that each page needs to load should be kept to a minimum due to these possible problems. A speed test should also aid in determining which HTTP queries are taking the longest. For instance, developers can look for a quicker image hosting option if graphics are making a page load slowly (such as a CDN).
Don’t Use Redirects, If Possible
A redirect occurs when users of one website are instead forwarded to another. Redirects increase the time it takes for a website to load by a few hundredths of a second, or even by an entire second. Every second counts when developing a website that is performance-optimized. Although they are occasionally inevitable, redirects shouldn’t be used until essential.